Systematic Theology8 and Dr. Pentecost’s Things to Come9. access to God (Gal 3:28), there are distinctions between Jewish believers and Gentile (And if there isn’t, go out and find one! specifically because it is the Messiah's congregation that He would build on the basis of His atoning death and This edition, although greatly abridged, greater artistry. It is 3:6). 3:9) where he indicates that simply being the physical seed of Abraham, Moses prophesies to Israel that when following eventual divine judgment, a remnant will resurrection. The reason from the present is the salvation of Paul himself (Rom. Jesus The Remnant of Israel: The History, Theology, and Philosophy of the Messianic Jewish Community, is an update on the growing and diversifying community of Jews who have found favor with God by receiving Jesus as Messiah. considered himself part of remnant Israel (Romans 11:1-5), part of Christ (Romans 9:3), and part of the It goes beyond the Biblical text to explain away Jewish believers’ current enjoyment of the for eternity as a particular people by God at Sinai. Jews. practices, denunciation of his national heritage, and often disassociation from other God will first conclude his work for the Gentiles in the For if God God Each particular theological system’s weakness is revealed by what happens to that specific data which does not neatly fit into the proposed constructs, grids and containers of that theology. one and the same group of redeemed Jews and Gentiles. According to the Encyclopedia Judaica, 3 there is within Judaism a parallel theological concept of “remnant of Israel” (shearith Israel) which denotes the belief that a faithful remnant would survive whatever divine catastrophic judgments were brought upon the community because of its disobedience. Jewish believers are like the tiny Whos in Whoville in Dr. Seuss’s Horton Hears a Who, The fact implications of that examination have been discussed and several corrective applications The church is an airplane that only has two “The Future of Ethnic Israel in Romans 11.” God Himself is slowly but inevitably prodding this 2:14-16, it is feared that the retention of cultural After the day of Pentecost and until the rapture we find the church…but no spiritual Israel. Church? within the nation.11. believer does not, he cannot, become a de facto Gentile in relation to the divine promises 4:12-13). The reason from the past is that God has always worked with a remnant of Israel. set aside nor on the back burner in this dispensation. Beyond judgment is God's readiness, because of his loyal love, to continue with his people. happens to that specific data which does not neatly fit into the proposed constructs, (Rom. 16ibid. Not very interesting It should seem that the fact of Israel being back in her land after 2000 years of exile that believing Gentiles have been raised to the spiritual status of believing Israel and 17Zaretsky p54 responded to the call of God (Romans 9:31, 11:7). With Christ reigning as King, Israel will be the leading nation, and representatives from all nations will come to Jerusalem to honor and worship the King—Jesus Christ. another. Here, the Messiah is the chief cornerstone and the redeemed peoples (Jew and Gentile) are living Blessing is promised for those who pray for the peace of Jerusalem (Ps. Messiah, the Jewish believer belongs equally to two camps. competitively, has seen or views itself today as the righteous remnant, true Israel. but unnatural to Gentiles. into (Romans 11:17). 7-10). language used in Paul's olive tree illustration) from among the Jewish people. To understand this complex passage, it will be helpful to analyze its terms. Only part of Israel has been hardened (Romans 11:25). 19Fruchtenbaum, Arnold G. Israelology. restoration to the land…until Israel’s salvation, and this salvation follows the return 1, 5, 23), where it refers to local assemblies, not the entire body of whereas a Gentile believer is a wild olive shoot. In Gentile believers ahead of this author, often choosing the same texts from which to study. Faith and repentance are also the remnant. mysteriously retaining both their fresh and salty distinctiveness (Eph. told his disciples at His last supper that the new covenant was about to be inaugurated, addition of the category of Israelology would be decidedly strategic. Remnant theology: God has a purpose in creating a people within the peoples of the earth, sustaining them through failure and punishment, and bringing grace and blessing to the world through none other than the remnant itself that endures through history. all who are descended from Israel are Israel." Just because the Gentiles only have an practice Torah, it does not follow that he must not practice certain aspects of Torah. You will say then, "Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in." We refuse, The Remnant within Classic Dispensational Theology. Should the second son be jealous because the first son received an With the olive tree metaphor, Paul was writing to Gentile believers (Romans 11:13), members of Yet the first son will also receive an inheritance In the NT, and especially in the … Gentile believers are no longer "excluded from citizenship in Israel" and no longer "foreigners to the covenants of Israel. The reason from the future is that Paul’s high expectation of Jewish response to the Therefore, the passage Third, it can mean those Jews (the remnant) who of benefit to the church (Eph. within the next few hours, upon his death. In replacement theology, the Church replaces Israel such that Israel has no redemptive future. descendent of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. That believing Gentiles are placed within remnant Israel is (Gal. They must be one or the other, need to get divorced from the Lord so that they can become the bride of Christ, and if so, 11:1). One can Abraham – From out of all the nations God sovereignly and graciously chose Abraham with their receipt of God’s promises to His people. It seems upon even the most casual reading of the New Testament that the apostles and completion is His sovereign and gracious preservation of the remnant (Rom. As a nation of people (like any other nation of people), it contains both saved and unsaved. Paul is sharing pp126-7 THE REMNANT OF ISRAEL The word remnant means something left over, a remainder, as when one has a piece of fabric remaining after the rest has been used or sold. Who is the “remnant”? 3; Heb. 23ibid. cataclysm on the basis of divine grace (Gen. 7:23). All three metaphors--olive tree, human body, spiritual temple--speak of circumstance of birth. (Romans 11:16-24; italics added). Also consistent with the rest of Scripture, it does not make a Who is Israel? to Peter, “Why do you insist on acting so Jewish?” And would he perhaps respond, “Why do And, of course, it is also 11:11-15). 6:15, Eph. Israel as God’s people (Rom. God’s choice of the remnant generally has wider repercussions and benefits for the The Remnant of Israel: The History, Theology, and Philosophy of the Messianic Jewish Community, is an update on the growing and diversifying community of Jews who have found favor with God by receiving Jesus as Messiah. God’s promise, gifts, call, etc., (see figure 11). are grafted into the olive tree, however, it is clear that remnant Israel is not confined to physical Jews only, of His simultaneously workings with national Israel in preparation for her glorious future Here, Chafer speaks as if the The question is phrased in such a grammatical fashion as to illicit an immediate emphatic The Remnant of Israel: The History, Theology, and Philosophy of the Messianic Jewish Community: 1: Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum: Amazon.com.au: Books The covenants are eternal and not abrogated by the church. 11:1-2). The new covenant is indeed being fulfilled for Israel in the present This group can be referred to as the Church, the not what the passage is doing or saying. In this remnant cycle, No covenant promises of God are nullified by virtue of Jewish faith in Christ. Remnant Israel is a spiritual body, (Gen. 12:3). abeyance…No Jewish Covenants are now being fulfilled.18. about to initiate, or that He understood His disciples to be somehow disconnected from illustration, both sons are Rockefellers. " Remnant: The concept of remnant can be Biblically defined as that continuous portion, be it large or small, of the community of ethnic Israel which has been supernaturally preserved and redeemed through various divine judgments throughout various dispensations. use of ekklesia comes in Chapter 16 (vv. judgment is sovereignly determined on account of Israel’s disobedience, yet the promise of specifically, what are current privileges of Israel’s national election? Although these are simply 65:8). builds this case on the example of Elijah (1 Kings 19:18). remnant Israel (which forces us to ask, "Is there a distinction between "Remnant" in Scripture A remnant is a remainder or part left over from the whole. is any advantage to being Jewish. When has God ceased dealing with Israel? God has been steadily working his unbelieving remainder of the nation. ethnic Israel, is insufficient for personal salvation. separated from it, and that it is possible to be part of the remnant and part of the If the woodwind section is currently playing more loudly than is the And God is able to graft Jews back into remnant God has sovereignly and graciously called a remnant from the nations as His people to from his mother. "Not See Charles C. Ryrie, That is to say, of the many followers of God, many if not most fall away, and only a small remnant remain to begin again. 26Fruchtenbaum p564 doing here? Second, with respect to salvation, Reformed covenant theology does not juxtapose Israel and the church. This shows that the Church, the Body of Christ and remnant Israel are synonymous. God’s Jew: THE REMNANT OF ISRAEL. Jewish believers within the church are currently enjoying a portion of the benefits of the “low” orientation, is replete with substitutions, equivalents and copies of traditional Paul's olive tree metaphor is similar to his human body metaphor (Romans 12:4-5; 1 Corinthians One would get the impression from reading Things to Come Activate programs and creative ideas for Jewish evangelism. Only part of Israel … covenants given to their ancestors. This, of course, assumes there is at least one Jewish member of your local body. and graciously preserve a remnant (Rev. overlooked aspect of God’s program for Jew and Gentile in every dispensation, but to confidently place their trust in Him to keep His promises and bring His program to The majority, unbelieving Israel, changes course, Together, Rom. Meanwhile, I will define and set up the theology of the remnant here. Paul again takes up the continued doesn’t apply equally in every component to Gentile brethren. If one is a physical descendent of these three He asks whether God has rejected His people, Israel. You do know I was saying the Gentiles are in the remnant and will enter the kingdom on earth....these Gentiles are not in the body of Christ. Yet Jewish unbelief should not be entirely unexpected. Why "the Faithful Remnant of Israel"? church. Upon the divine judgment of Babylonian exile, the Lord sovereignly and graciously Video: The Remnant of Israel in Romans. There is an Israel within Israel, a subset of physical-and-spiritual Jewish people (remnant Israel) Paul The heavenly city is not promised to the church, the body of Christ. present age.21 While reading through his Romans 9-16 book, I ran across the following: "Among those who most strongly insist that God is through with the nation of Israel are those whose theology is commonly referred to as covenant theology. Yet Jewish believers can and do have it both ways. An Examination of “Israel, Palestine, and the Middle East” by John Piper In 2004, Dr. John Piper preached a sermon at Bethlehem Baptist Church in Minneapolis, MN, entitled “Israel, Palestine, and the Middle East”. And God has a future program of prophecy to fulfill theology. “a saving program…based on Israel’s covenants.”7 The roots which nourish the remnant in this age (see figure 7). 12:12ff). disciples found no conflict between their national identity and their faith allegiance. 25House, H. Wayne. The Remnant of Israel: The History, Theology, and Philosophy of the Messianic Je. Perhaps some examples from Scripture will help: There were Twelve Tribes in Israel. Gentiles Gentiles are members of a newly created community which transcends yet does not eradicate Dispensationalism, Israel and the Church. Israel and it is the Church, because the Church is remnant Israel. Would some believers actually say “By definition, this group (Jewish believers) bears a dual identity as both a When God again deals with the nation Israel, salvation will concept. small, of the community of ethnic Israel which has been supernaturally preserved and The The mystery aspect of the Church Thus, the Church is a new undertaking, to God, Gentiles provoke Jews, therefore Jews respond to God. The greatest example of God’s historic and ongoing faithfulness is to be found in the Neither 1Meyer, Lester V. “Remnant.” Anchor Bible Dictionary. Here are just a few of the many examples that can be found in Scripture: The only recorded prayer for the unsaved in the entire New Testament is Paul’s prayer for the salvation of the Jewish people (Rom. Genesis 17:4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1998. pp61-73 7:12). Colossians 1:18; 1 Corinthians 12:13). The believing Jewish and Gentile “Christian” culture, they usually mean a “Gentile” culture. unconditional covenants, which, among other blessings, grant perpetual title to the land Noah – Noah’s family was a faithful remnant supernaturally preserved through a divine The Bible indicates that it is on behalf of the as developed thus far neither recognizes nor integrates the Biblical truth that a portion the other: Jewish branches and Gentile shoots. Answer: Replacement theology (also known as supersessionism) essentially teaches that the church has replaced Israel in God’s plan. luminous beacon of God’s faithfulness throughout history, past, present and future. Rather than be threatened by the Jewishness of the remnant, the church should be celebrating In recent times a new view has arisen which is called Remnant Theology which teaches that Israel has never been fully put aside by God and that there has always been a remnant of saved Jews who have been chosen by God and that these have never lost their Jewishness and Jewish culture; it is claimed these form part of the Church and the Gentile believers form a separate part of the Church. 3:6). Actively pray for the safety and salvation of the Jewish people. Click here for the lowest price! 14:38). These called-out p214 The Church is also new regarding the New Covenant's promise of the indwelling Spirit (Ezekiel has made have not been erased (Gal.3:28). The olive tree is … p201 It is important to note that none of the following suggestions necessarily leads to the creation of separatism, ethnocentrism or so-called “judaizing,” when executed with correct intent and proper spirit. Pentecost’s classic volume Things To Come, we particularly see how the contemporary also receive the Spirit and be placed within the same body (with believing Jews) It may even be argued that in Garland, TX 75049-7972, info@sojournerministries.com (see figure 1). What I am proposing (2) Wild Olive Shoot. need only look across the tree to see the mighty, ancient Jewish branches of the remnant A third metaphor is the spiritual temple spoken of by both Paul and Peter (Ephesians 2:19-22; 1 Peter 30:1-10). They are said to be "in Christ" (Romans 8:1; 2 Corinthians 5:17; Ephesians 1:13). calls for the string section to cease playing in the middle of a presentation so that It The theology of remnant is strewn throughout both testaments and is an essential yet often 3“Remnant of Israel.” Encyclopedia Judaica. Joseph – Joseph was sovereignly and graciously chosen in order to save the family of son of God; witnesses of the manifest glory of God in the Temple; recipients of four additional extra inheritance? Remnant Israel is a spiritual body, national Israel is not. The solution to this metaphorical conundrum is that Jewish believers, as a result of both Do Jewish believers and it will flow inexorably toward its final destination. Jacob/Israel is now situated in Zion/Jerusalem, and is thus the remnant of the previous section (3:9–10). Yiddish proverb, “With one toches28 you can’t dance at two weddings.” On the spiritual seed of Abraham, not the physical seed as well. period of Israel’s dispersion; then he will return to bring in the promised blessings for no longer foreigners and aliens, but fellow citizens with God's people and members of God's household" Remnant Israel is a spiritual body, national Israel is not. Those in the Church come together by the Spirit and through the Messiah. Gentile believers become citizens of Israel (Ephesians 2:12, 19). two weddings, one of which serves kosher! "Israel" does not always mean Jews only. has always chosen to save and primarily work with remnants. " Remnant: The concept of remnant can be Biblically defined as that continuous portion, be it large or small, of the community of ethnic Israel which has been supernaturally preserved and redeemed through various divine judgments throughout various dispensations. While it is the faithful of Israel whom God chooses to include batch and the branches holy, it is more likely that Jesus holds this position. Isaac – Abraham had two sons, but only one was sovereignly and graciously chosen as a would seem certain from their writings that these apostles understood themselves to be remnant to renounce their heritage and denounce their nation and has pronounced anathema But the olive tree must represent some aspect of 3:1). the continued existence of the remnant as a wonderful example of God’s grace and faithfulness. The remnant of Israel who enter the millennial age with Christ continue this witness and servant hood, and some are sent to the nations to declare God’s glory (Isa 66.19). When Gentiles become spiritual descendants of Abraham through faith in Jesus Christ, they become one hundred percent members of Israel and one hundred percent members of the church. Essenes of Qumran considered themselves the true remnant, as did their contemporaries, the Biblically, Israel is a nation, not a spiritual As we will see, each of these systems leads to radically different conclusions, but before we attempt to explore them in detail, we will need to define some terms. no longer alien to (1 Timothy 3:15; Ephesians 2:19), or remnant Israel--which Gentile believers are grafted dispensational studies to offer a comprehensive theological curriculum. above all, squishy facts that do not seem to neatly fit into one categorical box or (1) Holy Firstfruits/Root. 6Pritz p71 The remainder of the is a significant theological difference between national Israel and remnant Israel. The pattern of God’s choice Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Israelology. with Israel again in the seventieth week it is not possible to refer to a remnant of the blessing”, or better, “God’s household” (Eph. In recent times a new view has arisen which is called Remnant Theology which teaches that Israel has never been fully put aside by God and that there has always been a remnant of saved Jews who have been chosen by God and that these have never lost their Jewishness and Jewish culture; it is claimed these form part of the Church and the Gentile believers form a separate part of the Church. Any imagined the Baptist (Matt. The Remnant of Israel: The History, Theology, and Philosophy of the Messianic Jewish Community, is an update on the growing and diversifying community of Jews who have found favor with God by receiving Jesus as Messiah. The Remnant of Israel: The History, Theology, and Philosophy of the Messianic Jewish Community, is an update on the growing and diversifying community of Jews who have found favor with God by receiving Jesus as Messiah. “The Remnant of Israel and the Messiah.” Israel the Land He is saying that there is a subset of true Israel within the In all, Paul provides four temporal reasons why Israel as a nation has not been divinely The tendency among some Dispensationalists, who know better, seems to be to use referring to the former as the “Israel of God.” This is the only such specific reference (4) Olive Tree. in Matthew 16:18, where Jesus spoke of building His Church. Remnant Theology The Church and Israel overlap in some manner. it seems that sometimes Gentile believers feel threatened, as did Jewish believers in the (Ephesians 2:19). the second century has borne out that illustration. through their unbelief. although the nation in its entirety is obviously and intrinsically the physical seed of they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith. Based on a faulty exegesis of Eph. Tustin: Ariel, 1993 God then relates how His people will turn back to Him as a result of this tremendous display of His strength—His utter destruction of most of Assyria: “In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of the house of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel. It is usually easy to coordinate this as most messianic congregations worship on Friday or Saturday. 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